What is a cookie?
An "Internet Cookie" (also known as "cookie browser" or "HTTP cookie" or simply "cookie") is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, other equipment of a user on which the Internet is accessed. The cookie is installed through a web browser's request (such as Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (it does not contain software, viruses or spyware, and can not access the information on the hard drive user).
A cookie consists of two parts: the name and the content or the value of the cookie.
Furthermore, the duration of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver. Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify internet users. There are 2 large categories of cookies: session cookies - they are temporarily stored in the web browser's cookie folder to save them until the user exits the site or closes the browser window (ex: in logging / logging time on a webmail or social networking account). Persistent Cookies - These are stored on the hard drive of a computer or device (and generally depends on the cookie's default life). Persistent cookies include those placed on a website other than the one the user is currently visiting - known as 'third party cookies' - which can be used anonymously to memorize the interests of a user, so as to deliver the most relevant advertising for users.
What are the benefits of cookies?
A cookie contains information linking a web browser (user) and a specific web-server (website). If a browser accesses that web-server again, it can read the already stored information and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a good browsing experience and support the efforts of many web sites to provide user-friendly services: ex - online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts, or relevant advertising.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by web-servers. The life of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused whenever the user returns to that site ('cookie- permanent '). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through browser settings.
What are cookies placed by third parties?
How are cookies used by this site?
A visit to this site may place cookies for the purposes of: Site Performance Cookies, Visitor Analysis Cookies, Geotargetting Cookies, Record Cookies, Cookies for Advertising, Cookies of advertisers,
Performance cookies: This type of cookie retains the user's preferences on this site, so they no longer need to be set at each site visit.
Geotargetting Cookies: These cookies are used by software that determines where you come from. It is completely anonymous and is used only to target the content - even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language you receive the same advertisement.
Recording cookies: When you sign up for this site, we generate a cookie that tells us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us your account and if you have permission for a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post on our site with your username. If you have not selected "keep me registered", this cookie will automatically delete when you close your browser or computer.
Advertising Cookies: These cookies let us know if you've seen an online ad or not, what is its type, and how long it has been since you saw the ad message. These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We may also use third-party cookies for better advertising targeting, for example, to show holiday ads if the user has recently visited an article on vacancies. These cookies are anonymous, they store information about the viewed content, not about the users. We also set up anonymous cookies through other sites that we advertise. By accepting them, so we can use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site if you later visit our site, we will be able to deliver advertising based on this information.
Advertiser Cookies: Much of the advertising you find on this site belongs to third parties. Some of these parties use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people have been exposed to an ad, or to see how many people have been exposed multiple times to the same ad. The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have access to read or write these cookies. Third-party cookies can be used to show your target advertising on other sites, based on your browsing on this site. Other Third Party Cookies On some pages, third parties can set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or customize an application.
Because of its use, this site can not access these cookies, just as third parties can not access cookies owned by this site. For example, when you share an article using the social network button on this site, that social network will record your activity.
What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The Webserver will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances Internet browsing experience (eg setting the language of a site, keeping a user logged in to your webmail account, online banking security, keeping your products in the shopping cart)
Why are Internet cookies important?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Denying or disabling cookies can make some sites unusable. Denying or disabling cookies does not mean you will not receive online advertising - just that it will no longer be able to keep track of your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (not requiring user authentication via an account): Content and services tailored to user preferences - news, weather, sports, maps, public and governmental services, entertainment sites and travel services . Offers tailored to users' interests - remembering passwords, language preferences (Ex: displaying search results in English). Retrieve Child Protection Filters for Content on the Internet (family mode options, safe search functions). Limit ad serving frequency - limit the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site. Providing more relevant advertising to the user. Measurement, optimization, and analytics features - such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what kind of content is viewed, and how a user gets to a website (eg through search engines, directly from other websites etc.).
Websites run these analyzes of their use to improve sites for the benefit of users. Security and Privacy Issues Cookies are NOT Viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they can not be executed or can auto-run. Consequently, they can not duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they can not perform these functions, they can not be considered viruses. Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about user preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and consistently mark cookies to be deleted in anti-virus / anti-spyware removal / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, shelf life, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site. Other security issues related to cookies: Because identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what problems can create cookies. In order to transmit constant information in both ways between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rarely, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg an unsecured WiFi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve bad cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to prevent browsers from sending information through insecure channels. Attackers then use the information for unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information. Tips for safe and responsible cookie-based navigation.
This is a way to access sites that place cookies and to delete any visitor information when closing the browsing session. Install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the applications for detection and prevention of spyware include the detection of attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit the vulnerabilities of the browser or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up-to-date. Many of the cookies attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers. Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites on the Internet - local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can browse with confidence on the internet.
How do I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies can make some sites unfeasible or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive / see online advertising anymore. A browser setting is possible for cookies to be disallowed, or you can set your browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser's "options" or "preferences" menu.
If you want to know more about cookies and what they are used for, we recommend the following links:
All About Cookies: http://www.allaboutcookies.org/
IAB Romania provides the following website to provide more information on privacy related to online advertising: http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/